The cause of their occurrence is usually a bacterial infection. Chalazion can appear on the outside and is visible on the inside of the lid, which is most often seen when touched.
There are two types of chalazion:
- Acute form
- Chronic form of chalazion
Both types are inflammation of the sebaceous glands at the edge of the eyelids, which can appear as acute inflammation with redness, swelling and pain of the eyelid with purulent contents or as a chronic change with less pain and the characteristic growth that we call chalazion.
Touching or itching of the eyes is the most common way the bacteria is transmitted. Some factors that increase the risk of bacteria entering the eye include:
- frequent itching of the eyes due to allergies;
- inflammation of the eyelid (blepharitis);
- using contaminated mascara or eye gel
- sleeping with makeup
- skin conditions, such as rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis;
- some medical conditions, such as diabetes;
- something that causes patients more likely to rub their eye, such as not getting enough sleep, etc.
Chalazion is not contagious, but the bacteria that cause it can be easily transmitted through infected makeup. Therefore, it is not recommended to use other people’s make-up, especially mascara or eyeliner.
Signs of chalazion are:
- swelling at the site where it will form;
- swelling of the eyelid;
- yellowish mucus;
- photophobia (sensitivity to light), etc.
A tiny ball appears that is painful, red and visible to the eye or felt to the touch.