OCT (optical coherence tomography) is a non-invasive imaging test that uses light waves to make a cross-section of all layers of the retina. This recording does not radiate to the eye.
It allows the ophthalmologist to map the retina and define its thickness and structure, showing all its layers, which greatly helps in the future treatment of patients with glaucoma and retinal diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
The structure of the retina is important to determine if it is normal and healthy or if there are certain changes. If the retina is thin it is a sign of atrophy, if it is thick it is a sign of edema (swelling).