Diabetes is a chronic disease in which there is a metabolic disorder, not only of sugars but also of fats and proteins. It is the leading cause of blindness and reduced vision. High blood sugar damages large and small blood vessels. That is why the most affected organs are the eyes.
The course of the disease in these patients depends primarily on good blood sugar regulation and the duration of the disease. If good glycemic control is maintained, eye changes may be delayed.
Patients with diabetes often complain of:
- Constant tearing;
- Itchy eyes.
The blurring of the lens (cataract) is much more common in people with diabetes. The most important and certainly the most serious change of the eyes is the so-called diabetic retinopathy.
Therefore, regular examinations should be performed and the condition of the eyes should be monitored.
Examination for people with diabetes covers:
- Examination of the anterior segment, determining the diopter (new diopter, changing the diopter, checking for hidden diopter), and checking the posterior segment of the eye (fundus and optic nerve).
- The examination of the posterior segment is done by examination with the so-called OCT or optical coherence tomography, which is also the most important examination in people with diabetes. This test scans the structure of the macula, the optic nerve to see if there are any defects in that structure, which are invisible when examined with a magnifying glass, as well as the condition of the blood vessels in the back segment of the eye.
Examination for people with diabetes
Detailed front and rear segment examination and OCT analysis.
The ophthalmologist reserves the right to suggest another type of examination and /
or diagnosis depending on the established condition of the examination.